On April 30 this year, the law enforcement team formed by the Guangzhou Municipal Communications Commission, the industry and commerce, and the public security department suddenly carried out law enforcement inspections on the office of the private car company U ber in Guangzhou. This action triggered a wave of public concern. With the huge impact brought by mobile Internet innovation, the traditional taxi industry is facing a realistic institutional dilemma and interest game. Whose cake did the car company move? How to find a policy outlet for car service? Urban transportation service management needs to converge a wide range of social consensus. The modern urban public governance system also needs an interactive platform to explore public affairs and promote communication and understanding among all sectors of society. Needle Bearing,Alignment Needle Bearing,Alignment Roller Bearing,Alignment Needle Roller Bearing Changzhou Fangya bearing Co.,LTD , https://www.czfybearing.com
In the Nandu survey, private cars accounted for half of the 100 car drivers interviewed. On the one hand, so many private cars are connected to the private car platform, on the one hand, it is difficult for the citizens to take a taxi. On the other hand, according to the current traffic regulations and the enforcement measures of the Guangzhou Municipal Communications Commission, these are illegal operations, and once they are arrested, they will be fined 30,000 yuan. The contradiction has arisen: Where will the private cars go in the future? Is it completely cleaned up by strong law enforcement, or is it a "washing white" by amending the law?
Two weeks ago, Guangzhou conducted a law enforcement inspection of the headquarters of Uber Guangzhou. A week ago, the traffic department of Chengdu also inspected Uber. Recently, Dongguan announced that it would reduce the amount of money for taxis. Each driver can pay less than 200 yuan per month. Zhejiang Yiwu has just announced that it will gradually abandon the taxi license control, and will gradually grant licenses to eligible individuals in the future.
Faced with the same problem, each city has adopted a different approach. Guangzhou, the leader of the open atmosphere, will solve the current predicament and deserve to be deeply thought by the ruling party.
How to block the safety loop of the car Cao Zhiwei's unpleasant car experience, suggesting the blank of the car supervision. Under the evasive measures designed by the car platform, the private car operation is booming on the one hand, and on the other hand, it has spawned many management loopholes. As the city's traffic committee is listed as a target of crackdown rather than supervision, the government has a regulatory gap for these loopholes, which also increases the risk of passengers using the car.
Cao Zhiweiâ€™s â€œunpleasant experienceâ€ with a special car
The unpleasant experience of using the car two weeks ago has given Cao Zhiwei, a member of the CPPCC National Committee who has been supporting the car, a new perspective.
On May 3, he flew back to Guangzhou from Chengdu, and his assistant helped him book the No. 1 car under the fast taxi. In the order confirmation message sent by the No. 1 car to his assistant, it is clear that Master Li of the license plate Yue Ã— Ã— U 759 will pick up the phone at the appointed time. The message also includes the mobile phone number of Master Li and the customer service number of the No. 1 car.
However, when he got off the plane, the No. 1 car phone noticed that the driver could only cancel the order because the driver could not be contacted. Finally, he could only queue up to return to the car. Originally, this was only a slightly unpleasant experience with the car, but the subsequent events made Cao Zhiwei aware of the seriousness of the problem.
After canceling the order for 20 minutes, Master Li used another telephone questioning assistant (female) to cancel the order, and then repeatedly called and entangled. After the phone number was rejected on the phone blacklist, the assistant began to receive many unknowns. The identity of the question is harassing the phone. After Cao Zhiwei sent a lawyer to the customer service to complain to the customer service, the other party promised to cancel the service qualification of Master Li on the No. 1 car platform, and at the same time will compensate for the 100 yuan taxi ticket, but no other sanctions can be provided. This low penalty treatment made Cao Zhiwei very disappointed.
"Driver blacklist" sharing system is missing "There are two problems here. First, I am not sure whether the car company has really cancelled the driver's qualifications. Second, even if it is cancelled, he can still call on other platforms. At present, there is no system for sharing blacklists of bad drivers on various car platforms. The review of the drivers is very simple, which means that irresponsible drivers can shoot one for another place, and the industry has no restrictions on this!â€ said Cao Zhiwei. When replying to the inquiry of Nandu reporter, the customer service platform of the No. 1 car platform also stated that they blocked the bad driver on the company's platform on the second day after receiving the complaint, but did not have the right to restrain other car companies from doing the same. There is no such information exchange within the industry.
In addition to the lack of a bad driver blacklist sharing system, in the South Metropolis Daily reporter's previous tests on various car platforms, the passenger orders were arbitrarily upgraded, and the vehicles displayed on the order were inconsistent with the actual passenger vehicles and the passenger insurance was not covered.
Although similar management deficiencies are still in the details of deviations, and no vicious incidents have occurred for the time being, once the similar problems are accumulated, the public support for the special vehicles will be weakened. Cao Zhiwei is worried that this may lead to the government's enforcement of illegal operations from the current loose case-type investigation to an overall smuggling. At that time, the living space of the special vehicle operation is bound to be more pressing.
â€œThe key lies in the government breaking the monopoly and letting go of the taxi market.â€ For the impact of the emergence of the special car in the Internet era on the formation of the traditional taxi model, Cai Jiming, director of the Center for Political Economy Research at Tsinghua University, believes that as long as the taxi market is liberalized, the government Drivers who meet certain conditions can issue licenses directly, and private cars that want to carry passengers can apply. The problem of people's difficulty in taxiing and the current illegal operation of private cars can be solved.
The appeal for breaking the license monopoly is getting higher and the consensus of Cai Jiming is also the economist Wang Dingding. In an article about talking about special cars, Wang Dingding believes that the taxi entry threshold should be reduced to zero, so that drivers can enter and exit freely. The government can provide a good market by simply imitating the reputation of Taobao's reputation evaluation system. The competitive environment.
However, this requires first modifying existing traffic laws and regulations. According to Article 8 of the Regulations on the Management of Taxi Management Services issued by the Ministry of Communications in January this year, the taxi operation must obtain the vehicle management right issued by the traffic administrative department, and the driver must obtain the qualification certificate. The practitioner must own Conditions such as a sound management system, business premises, and parking lot. These terms keep self-employed people out of the door of the taxi industry, let alone private cars without qualifications.
In order to promote the revision of the law, at the National People's Congress at the beginning of this year, Cai Jiming, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, publicly called for government reform to break the monopoly of taxi licenses. "The legal provisions that are inconsistent with the current market demand need to be adjusted and revised."
Li Shufu, the chairman of Geely Automobile [microblogging], who is also a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, submitted a proposal to the government to promote the reform of the taxi system, and appealed to the government to break the license monopoly and return the allocation of taxi numbers to the market. Allow drivers to bypass the taxi company to obtain a license directly. The National Federation of Industry and Commerce also handed in a proposal to call for the taxi market to be widely open to the society and to activate private capital so that all market players can participate in competition with equal status and equal opportunities.
Is it a solution to let go of the taxi market?
However, during the two sessions, Minister of Communications Yang Chuantang responded: â€œPrivate cars are illegally operated as private carsâ€ and â€œthe government still needs to control the number of taxisâ€, indicating that private cars are not expected to be open for operation in the short term.
In the view of Xu Kangming, president of Shanghai 3E Transportation Consulting and member of the Transportation Committee of the Beijing Municipal Communications Commission, the government banned private cars from participating in operations like taxis because the nature of the two uses is different. Private cars and taxis belong to non-operating vehicles and operating vehicles respectively. The latter is more expensive than the former, regardless of the age of the scrap, the taxes and fees, the type of insurance, and the qualifications of the drivers. Simply releasing the access will not only bring greater The operational risks will bring unfair market competition to existing taxi operators.
The development history of the taxi industry in Guangzhou over the past 30 years also shows that in the absence of a comprehensive supporting system, the liberalization of taxi operating licenses may lead to management confusion â€“ when taxis were just emerging in the 1990s, whether they were individuals or The company can purchase the license for the permanent business period from the price of 25,000-400,000 yuan. In fact, this period is in a state of deregulation, but the actual effect is that the brand is rampant--get the license The individual did not have the heart to do a taxi service. He was more interested in reselling the license and handing over the difference. Finally, the government had to implement the total control of the license.
Two weeks ago, after the Municipal Traffic Commission and the Municipal Administration for Industry and Commerce conducted a law enforcement inspection of the headquarters in Uber Guangzhou, the private car drivers who were on the special car platform began to explore countermeasures. And the various car platforms are also using different means to play the edge ball for the private car passengers to cover.
Coping strategies for private car drivers Wu Hao, a passenger who travels on U ber, recently saw in the circle of friends that someone suggested using U ber to take action. Once they encountered the law enforcement inspection by the Municipal Communications Commission, they should not testify for law enforcement officials. He liked the message and commented on "support".
U ber driver Liu Andong saw the initiative to set up a driver â€œself-help fundâ€ in the WeChat group of Guangzhou U ber drivers to respond to the law enforcement fines. This initiative received enthusiastic response. Chen Yuan, the private car driver of Drip Punch, was reminded on how to deal with the inspection of law enforcement officers on the induction training â€“ telling passengers the names and preparing two mobile phones.
After the city traffic committee announced that the private car had been fined 30,000 yuan through the special platform, various methods to cover the private car passengers were designed. Some citizens who support the car choose to stand on the opposite side of law enforcement.
This makes Cao Zhiwei, the Standing Committee of the CPPCC, which has been calling for the taxi industry to break the monopoly, feel a little embarrassed. "I will not say that the Municipal Traffic Commission is not fighting against private car passengers. According to the current traffic regulations, they are indeed illegal, but I will not say that the public support. The attitude of the car is wrong because everyone is suffering from the monopoly of taxis."
The car company's "edge ball"
In the case that private cars cannot be qualified for operation in the short term, the private car platforms have not stopped the private cars from entering the market, but used different means to strike the ball to make "screening" for private car users.
After the Uber Guangzhou headquarters was investigated, although the driver recruitment point was announced to be temporarily closed for two weeks, the Southern Reporter noticed that the Uber driver's account can still be registered on the Uber official website, as long as the vehicle is in the Guangdong brand and the price is 80,000 yuan. Above, within three years of the car age, purchase 300,000 yuan commercial insurance and other conditions, the owner fills in the application form on the official website, uploads a variety of ID photos, and then wait for the company to activate the account.
In this regard, Uber said that Uber's private car only has a "People's Uber" product, which provides only a "carpooling" service, with the aim of using idle transportation resources to achieve environmentally friendly travel rather than commercial operations. As it conforms to the government's green travel and reduced traffic congestion, carpooling does not violate current traffic laws and regulations. On the contrary, the Beijing Municipal Government has also issued documents to encourage carpooling.
Different from U ber's use of "carpooling" as a cover, other car platforms such as Drip, Fast, etc. choose to use the roundabout strategy as a cover.
These platforms do not directly recruit private cars, but choose to rent cars to car rental companies. Private cars are recruited by car rental companies, and then access to the platform as a rental car through a car rental agreement. This roundabout approach has transferred the illegal operation of private cars to car rental companies. Even if the government cracks down on the law enforcement, the platform can be unaffected, and nominally can only punish car rental companies and private cars.
This is no matter what the occasion, as long as the platform is involved in the private car, the attitude of Drip and fast taxis is the same: the car is provided by the leasing company, the leasing company will check the vehicle first, review the vehicle related Qualification, after the car platform to conduct a second review of the vehicle, the main reason for the private car access is that the leasing company is not strict, once found, it will require the leasing company to clear.
A variety of dazzling evasive measures have temporarily earned a living space for private cars owned by various car companies.
The way to solve each step or solve the problem direction On the one hand, it alleviates the difficulty of the citizens to take a taxi, on the other hand, it faces the blow of the illegal operation of the government and the lack of its own management. What will happen to the private cars that are linked to the private car platform in the future? The answer is still unknown.
Comparable is the transit of Uber, the originator of the car software, in some areas. In California, local authorities accused Uber of unlicensed taxi operations and asked Uber to stop operations. In this regard, after Uber used social media to create public opinion and lobbying the government and other struggles, the final management department issued a regulatory framework for similar shared driving services. U ber can obtain a license issued by the California Public Utilities Commission, but U ber must also conduct a criminal background check on all drivers, establish a driver training program, adopt a zero-tolerance policy for drug and alcohol abuse, and enforce a more stringent policy policy. The amount of insurance for each single accident is not less than $1 million.
Cao Zhiwei believes that a similar compromise between the government and the car company will be the best result. The government gives the car company a license and shoulders the responsibility of supervision. This is also the direction for solving this problem in China in the future.
However, he believes that, unlike the greater flexibility of European and American government regulation, whether it is the central ministries or local governments, the adjustment of their regulatory policies is a drastic change, especially in the group involving taxi drivers. In the interest of, similar changes must be treated more cautiously, and both the car company and the government need patient consultation.
The car company is full of confidence in the final resolution of the problem. "The ban on government regulation also exists in the United States and other countries, but we believe that the government will eventually make a decision that is the best choice for the public. Only sometimes, this decision will It appears faster and sometimes slower." In an interview with the media, the head of the Uber China area has repeatedly repeated this wish.
On April 30 this year, the law enforcement team formed by the Guangzhou Municipal Communications Commission, the industry and commerce, and the public security department suddenly carried out law enforcement inspections on the office of the private car company U ber in Guangzhou. This action triggered a wave of public concern. With the huge impact brought by mobile Internet innovation, the traditional taxi industry is facing a realistic institutional dilemma and interest game. Whose cake did the car company move? How to find a policy outlet for car service? Urban transportation service management needs to converge a wide range of social consensus. The modern urban public governance system also needs an interactive platform to explore public affairs and promote communication and understanding among all sectors of society.
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