Chinese car companies usher in new business opportunities

In the next five years, we may find that those leading companies in China’s auto industry have shifted their production bases to Vietnam. Today, Vietnam has officially been allowed to join the World Trade Organization after a 12-year negotiation. After a watery Vietnam enters the WTO, China’s products will gain more market access opportunities and Chinese auto companies will usher in new business opportunities.

Tariff Cuts Reveal Opportunities

According to Vietnam’s “Materials Daily” report recently, the deputy head of Vietnam’s WTO accession delegation stated at the regular meeting of the government that from January 1, 2009, Vietnam will officially open the automobile and motorcycle market, and will allow wholly foreign-owned enterprises to set up a car. And motorcycle sales company.

In fact, due to the high tariff imposed on automobile imports, Vietnam is still one of the countries with the highest automobile prices in the world. Due to its limited market capacity and relatively heavy assembly capacity, the average actual output is only 30% of the design capacity. Most of the automotive parts and components are imported from abroad. Therefore, the price of the automobile market in Vietnam is much higher than that of similar products. market price.

With the reduction of tariffs, Vietnam’s cars will also, like China’s accession to the WTO, directly reflect the benefits to the people. An investment company recently released a report saying that Vietnam is accelerating its changes at a rate that exceeds the most optimistic estimates, and the growth in consumption is surprising.

According to the development plan announced by the Ministry of Industry of Vietnam, the total annual automobile growth rate in Vietnam during the period from 2005 to 2010 was 16%, and the annual growth rate during 2011-2020 was 8%. Based on this calculation, by 2010, the country’s total vehicle ownership will reach 1.2 million, and by 2020 it will reach 2.8 million. Experts in the automotive industry in Vietnam generally believe that since 2006, Vietnam’s annual auto sales should be more than 100,000.

Multinational companies take the lead

Vietnam has always been committed to making the automotive industry a pillar industry in the country. While implementing the protection policy for the automobile industry, the Vietnamese government also did not forget to actively attract foreign investment.

There are currently 13 automobile joint ventures in Vietnam. Ford, Mercedes-Benz, Toyota, Daihatsu, Daewoo, Isuzu, Suzuki, Hino and other multinational automobile brands have entered the Vietnamese automotive market. In addition, commercial vehicles in China have also established an assembly base in Vietnam. After more and more automobile manufacturers have set up factories in Vietnam, more auto companies have begun to notice the potential of new WTO members and consider establishing a joint venture in Vietnam. .

Chinese cars need to accelerate

After Vietnam's accession to the WTO, China and Vietnam, the partners in ASEAN, will be more closely linked. Mature Chinese companies can invest in factories in Vietnam. Local land and labor costs in Vietnam are low. By investing in factories, investors can not only make profits, but also drive the export of equipment, spare parts and skilled workers.

It is understood that China’s auto companies have apparently accelerated their pace in Vietnam. Vietnam is also offering preferential policies to this neighbor. With the entry into force of the China-ASEAN FTA cargo trade agreement, China’s automobile tariffs on exports to Vietnam will also be gradually reduced. China's vehicle imports can also enjoy a preferential tax rate of 5%. The scope of tax reduction also includes various special vehicles. According to Vietnamese media reports, currently more than a dozen brands of Chinese automotive products are assembled and sold in the Vietnamese market, and their prices are more than two percent lower than similar models in South Korea, Russia and other countries.

However, China’s investment in Vietnam’s auto market has obviously lagged behind, and Vietnam has become “a new gold rush for Japanese businessmen”. Honda, Mercedes-Benz, BMW, General Motors, Daewoo, and Toyota all said that in the first 10 months of this year, sales of cars have increased by 15%. Despite news that China's SAIC Group intends to enter the Vietnam market through a joint venture, it will start production of Shanghai GM Wuling, and the project investment is expected to be 50 million US dollars. However, there are still many variables in the project and it has not been officially recognized.

Some experts believe that China’s commercial vehicles have great advantages in the Vietnamese market and can fully counter the challenges of the international auto giants. However, in terms of passenger vehicles, due to the early entry of multinational giants, not only has occupied most of the market share, but also has been known by Vietnamese consumers. If Chinese cars want to grow in Vietnam, they cannot use price alone to fight against them. Use quality to promote yourself.

The QNP Steam Turbines` capacity mainly covers 200MW and below, include NI series (Normal Impulse Turbines) and HE series (High Efficiency Turbines). Our steam turbines are flexible and diverse in structure and layout so as to meet various requirement of our users. Aiming at the global leading equipment manufacturing enterprise, our design and R&D standards are higher than GB standard and in the same league with European and American energy equipment manufacturers.

1.Characteristics of QNP Turbine

  • High speed, high efficiency, low energy consumption
  • Highly integrated three platform and one station, require smaller space
  • In-the-factory assembly and whole machine transportation make site installation easier, faster and more economical.
  • Single-tier and direct exhaust, condenser floor installation, lower construction cost
  • QNP adopts advanced small pitch-circle technology in its high-end high efficiency turbine products, and hence considerably improved the turbines`flow efficiency.

  • By combining the advanced technology of European turbine with QNP technology, and optimizing the integration between imported advanced R&D tools and advanced domestic design software, QNP has solved the universal defect of inter-stage efficiency loss in most domestic units.

  • Using 3D bending-torsion blade design to improve the final and penultimate stage efficiency and structural strength to ensure long-time continuous operation of the unit.

  • Using high-speed running design and full-cycle steam distribution to improve the unit`s flow efficiency, reduce space occupancy, and make the installation more efficient.

  • Optimized enthalpy drop distribution design, through the comparison of tens of thousands of design data, form the best single-stage enthalpy drop distribution solution to ensure that each unit is in its maximum efficiency.

  • High-precision and high-quality manufacturing process: to ensure the high precision and high quality of key dynamic and static components, the flow passage components are processed by four-axis or five-axis CNC machining center.

  • Specially produced for high-end users, each component is carefully designed and the unit always presented to the customer as a flawless modern industrial artwork.

  • Maximum internal efficiency may reach 88%

2.Technical characteristics of parts

Gland sealing matching: the industry-leading and advanced gland sealing structure design reduces the steam leakage loss.

Blade assembling: the optimized blade molded lines are designed by the international advanced design software and processed by high-grade, high-precision and advanced technology which improve the thermal efficiency greatly.

Governing system: advanced governing methods are used for high control precision and fast response speed and which also has the electronic over-speed trip function, load shedding trip function, as well as auto start, grid connection and on-load function.

Rotor: we have shrink-on rotor and solid forging structure rotor which are all processed by Mitsubishi Planer machine and adjusted by vacuum high speed dynamic balancing machine to make sure the vibration of each position of bearing is in good state when the Steam Turbine running. Small vibration of the rotor we produced is a distinctive characteristic of our products.

Condenser: the stainless steel screwed pipe is used as heat exchanger with good anti- pollution ability and high heat-exchange efficiency. High-quality titanium tube is used when the cooling water is seawater. We use digital controlled lathe for drilling hole.

Casing: the split is processed by one-off molding technology and the precision of which can be 0.0058MM without any steam leakage. The concentric circles of the whole axis are processed by high precision turn-milling of the 5-joint axis machining center.

Diaphragm: we use qualitative carbon steel as the support and make the flow field better comply with the design via special welding technology so as to improve the internal efficiency.

Lubricating oil system: the multiple filtration technology--impurity strainer of oil tank, double bucket strainer for refined filtration, bearing inlet strainer which can be replaced during running--make the turbine oil entering the bearing bush achieve the best performance.

Control and protection system: QNP uses the Siemens microprocessor as the core of the system to ensure the stability and timeliness of signal processing. For important signal, multistage redundancy functions are introduced to ensure the safe and stable operation of equipment. Friendly interface makes operator work easily. More than 3-monthes` record of operating data can be saved by recording system and also can be extracted at any time.  

3.Various layout and application

Except the general double-tier layout structure, we also developed steam turbine with single-tier and fast-installation layout structure, mainly includes:

(1)Oil tank as base plate:

The position of oil tank for Condensing Steam Turbine can be designed under the steam turbine as the base plate with the steam turbine, bearing pedestal and gear box on it which has same horizontal plane with condenser.

(2)Three platform and one station steam turbine:

Composed of steam turbine base plate, auxiliaries base plate, control base plate and centralized oil station for a convenient installation and layout at site. And the centralized pipeline will let the site more clean and tidy.

(3)Axial exhaust type

Mainly applied in 15-50MW condensing and pumping condensing high efficiency turbine. This type of steam turbine adopted single-tier arrangement, with axial exhaust directly into the condenser. Suitable for whole machine delivery, and can considerably shorten the installation period and reduce civil engineering costs.

Steam Turbines

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Shandong Qingneng Power Co., Ltd. ,